Name : Allan Robert Border.
Nick name : AB.
Date of Birth : 27 July, 1955.
Place of Birth : Cremorne, New South Wales, Australia.
Batting Style : Left Handed Batsman.
Bowling Style : Slow left arm orthodox.
Role : Batsman, captain, coach and Administrator.
Height : 1.75m (5feet 9inches)
TEST Debut : against England in 1978.
ODI Debut : against England in 1979.
Playing Teams : Queensland (1980-96), Essex (1986-88) New South Wales (1976-80), Gloucestershire (1977), and Australia.
ONE DAY INTERNATIONAL::
Matches : 273.
Runs : 6,524.
Best : 127*.
Average : 30.62(Bat).
100’s : 3
50’s : 39
Wickets : 73
Best Bowling : 3/20.
Average : 28.36(Bowl).
Catches : 127
Matches : 156.
Runs : 11,174.
Best : 205.
Average : 50.56(Bat).
100’s : 27
50’s : 63
Wickets : 39
Best Bowling : 7/46.
5/10 Wickets : 2/1.
Average : 39.10(Bowl).
Catches : 156.
Border’s Personal Information::
Allan Robert Border, AO (born 27 July 1955) is a former Australian cricket captain. His playing nickname was "A.B." Born in Cremorne, a North Shore suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Border grew up with three brothers in the nearby suburb of Mosman. His father John, from Coonamble in rural New South Wales, was a wool classer and his mother Sheila was the proprietor of a corner store. The family had a spacious backyard for playing games and Mosman Oval, the home of district cricket and baseball clubs, was across the street. Border attended North Sydney Boys High School, and earned his leaving certificate in 1972.
He played 156 Tests in his career, a record until it was passed by fellow Australian Steve Waugh. Border still retains the world record for the number of consecutive Test appearances of 153 and the number of Tests as captain. He was primarily a left hand batsman but also achieved sporadic success as a part time left arm orthodox spinner. Border amassed 11,174 Test runs (a world record until it was passed by Brian Lara in 2005). He hit 27 centuries in his Test career. He retired as Australia's most capped player and leading run-scorer in both Tests and ODIs.
Borders Early years………….
Throughout his early years, Border played in under-age cricket teams two or three years older than his age group. He also played for Mosman Baseball Club, where he developed his fielding and horizontal bat shots. Aged 16, Border made his debut for Mosman in Sydney Grade Cricket as a left arm orthodox spinner and batted at number nine. He won selection for the 1972–73 Combined High Schools team in the intrastate carnival. During this time he was coached by Barry Knight, a former England international.
Border accumulated more than 600 runs in grade cricket in 1975–76, and at the start of the following season, he made two consecutive centuries to earn selection for NSW. In the absence of a number of Test players, Border made his debut against Queensland at the SCG in January 1977. He compiled 36 and took the last three catches of the match, as his team claimed victory. Border resigned his job as a clerk in the film library of BHP to spend the 1977 English season playing for Downend in the Gloucestershire League. The highlight of his stay was 159 not out in an invitational match against Cambridge University. In Australia, Border compiled 617 runs at 36.29 average during the 1977–78 Sheffield Shield season. He then returned to England and played for East Lancashire Cricket Club in the Lancashire League, scoring 1191 runs at 56.71 and taking 54 wickets at 18.60.
Border’s International Performance::
Border’s Test Debut……..
In 1977, the breakaway professional competition World Series Cricket (WSC) signed many players who were then banned from first-class and Test cricket, thus leaving many vacancies in the Australian team. Border started the 1978–79 season with his maiden first-class century, 135 against Western Australia at Perth, and followed up with 114 against Victoria at the SCG. After Australia lost the first two Tests in the Ashes series, Border was selected for his Test debut at the MCG. Making a nervous start, he took more than half an hour to score three runs. He made 29 and was run out for a duck in the second innings while attempting a single. In the following Test at Sydney, he was in a "lonely class of his own" by top-scoring in both innings with 60 not out and 45 not out as Australia lost the match and the Ashes. He used his feet to the spinners as his teammates struggled to cope with the turn. However, after scores of 11 and 1 in the Fifth Test at Adelaide he was dropped for the Sixth Test.
Recalled for the First Test against Pakistan at the MCG, Border batted at No. 3 and hit his maiden Test century as Australia reached 3/305, chasing 382 for victory. Border’s dismissal for 105 triggered a major collapse of seven wickets for five runs as the other batsmen were unable to cope with the swing of Sarfraz Nawaz. Australia lost by 71 runs. Border made 85 and 66 not out as Australia squared the series with a victory in Perth. In his second Test series, he had topped the batting aggregates and averages with 276 runs at 92.00.
In May 1979, the ACB announced an agreement with WSC, which allowed the WSC players to return to international cricket at the start of the 1979–80 Australian season. In the meantime, Australia made two tours, giving the incumbent players an opportunity to press for places in a reunited team. The first tour, to England for the 1979 Cricket World Cup, ended with Australia being eliminated in the first round. Border scored 59 runs in two innings.
This was followed by a three-month long, six-Test tour of India, when Australia failed to win a single match. Border scored 521 runs at 43.42 in the Test series, including 162 in the First Test at Madras, when he displayed excellent footwork and handled the Indian spinners much more effectively than his teammates. As a result of this performance, Border was one of only three players to retain their position for the next Test against England at Perth in November 1979 after the WSC players returned. Border scored 115 in the second innings to help secure victory, and in doing so passed 1,000 Test runs. He had done so in 354 days, the fastest ever by an Australian, and made more runs (1,070) in his first year as a Test cricketer than anyone before him. However, he was unable to maintain this form and ended the season with 317 runs at 31.70 in six Tests against England and the West Indies.
On the tour of Pakistan that followed, Border hit 150 not out and 153 in the Third Test at Lahore to become the first batsmen in Test history to pass 150 in both innings of a Test. In the off-season, Border married Jane Hiscox, and moved to Brisbane and began playing for Queensland. During the 1980–81 season, he scored 328 runs at 36.44 average in the six Tests against New Zealand and India, a modest return boosted by a score of 124 against India at Melbourne, in the final Test of the summer.
In 1980-81 season…………….
In 1981, Border made his first Ashes tour and scored a half-century in each of the first two Tests. "Border alone of the established players came through with reputation enhanced"; in the Fifth Test at Old Trafford when he batted with a fractured left finger. He reached a century in 377 minutes, the slowest Test hundred by an Australian, and remained unbeaten on 123 as Australia lost the match. In the final Test at The Oval, Border scored 106 not out and 84. During this latter sequence, he defied the English bowlers for more than 15 hours to score 313 runs before he was dismissed. Overall, he totaled 533 (at 59.22); this prompted Sir Leonard Hutton to call him the best left-handed batsman in the world and resulted in his selection as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1982.
In 1981-82 season…………….
Border's 1981–82 season was mixed. Against Pakistan, he made only 84 runs in three Tests, but against the West Indies, he scored a century and three half-centuries in 336 runs (at 67.20) to help Australia draw the series. On the tour of New Zealand, his three Tests brought only 44 runs at 14.67. After having the winter off, Border returned to Pakistan but was unable to repeat his performances of two years earlier. He scored 118 runs at 23.60 as Pakistan won all three Tests.
In 1982-83 season…………….
After failing in the first three Tests of the 1982–83 Ashes series, Border's place in the Australian team was in jeopardy as Australia led the series 2–1. Border’s effort in Australia's loss in the Fourth Test at the MCG is one of his best remembered Test innings. Australia had lost nine wickets and required 74 runs to win when Jeff Thomson joined Border at the crease. 18,000 spectators attended the final day’s play as the pair slowly accumulated runs, before a juggling catch dismissed Thomson three runs short of the target. Border then scored pair of 80s in the Fifth Test to secure a drawn match and Australia regained the Ashes. His figures were 317 runs at 45.28 average.
In 1983-84 season…………….
Australia hosted Pakistan for a five-Test series in 1983–84. Border scored 118 and 117 not out in the Second and Third Tests respectively and averaged 85.8 as Australia won the series comfortably. It was the end of an era for Australian cricket as Rod Marsh, Dennis Lillee and Greg Chappell retired at the end of the season, leaving the Australian team short on experience. At the time, Lillee and Marsh held the world records for the most Test wickets and wicket-keeping catches respectively, while Chappell was Australia's highest ever runscorer. Consequently, Border, who was now captain of Queensland, became Australian vice-captain to Kim Hughes for the tour of the West Indies in the northern spring of 1984.
Border leading Australian team.....
In 1984-85 season....
Australia faced the West Indies again in the 1984–85 season. After Australia suffered heavy losses in the first two Tests, Hughes burst into tears, as he resigned as captain during a press conference. Despite his limited captaincy experience and his stated indifference to taking the position, Border replaced Hughes for the Third Test at Adelaide, which Australia also lost: their sixth consecutive defeat by the West Indies. The tide turned somewhat when Border led the team to a draw, and then a win in the last two Tests. His own form suffered and he averaged only 27.33 for his 246 runs.
In April 1985, Border’s captaincy prospects were weakened when plans were announced for a team of Australians to tour South Africa, in defiance of the Gleneagles Agreement. Seven players originally selected for the 1985 Ashes tour had signed for the "rebel" team and withdrew from the squad. The disloyalty of the players affected Border deeply; Journalist Mike Coward described Border as going into a "depression" and that while he eventually forgave the players involved, he never forgot. Australia was defeated 1–3 by England, with the team's only success coming in the Second Test at Lord's when Border hit 196. His unbeaten 146 in the second innings of the Fourth Test at Manchester saved Australia from another defeat. He amassed 597 runs at 66.33 in the series and 1,355 first-class runs at 71.31 for the tour, including eight centuries, to be easily Australia's best batsman.
In 1985-86 season…………….
Australia continued to struggle during the 1985–86 season, when New Zealand defeated Australia in a Test series for the first time. Despite Border’s unbeaten 152 in the second innings, Australia fell to a heavy defeat in the First Test at Brisbane. Australia won the Second Test, but New Zealand won the Third to take a 2–1 victory. During a three-Test series against India, the tourists dominated the play, but failed to force a result so the series was drawn. In the Second Test, it took a last wicket partnership of 77 between Border (who scored 163) and David Gilbert to deny India. Border expressed his dismay at Australia’s inability to perform under pressure.
On the subsequent tour of New Zealand, Border’s form remained good and he scored 140 and 114 not out in the Second Test before Australia lost the Third in Auckland, thus losing another series. Over the course of the extended summer, he had scored four Test centuries but the continued poor form of the team pushed him to breaking point. After a loss in an ODI on the tour, he threatened to quit as captain if performances failed to improve.
Border’s Performance in 1987 World Cup………………
Australia's unexpected victory in the 1987 World Cup proved to be a turning point and heralded the start of more prosperous times. In 1987–88, Australia defeated New Zealand for its first Test series victory in four years. Border hit 205 in the drawn Second Test at Adelaide, his highest Test score which took him past Greg Chappell as Australia's highest run-scorer. The Bicentennial Test against England at Sydney was drawn, and then Australia won its inaugural home Test match against Sri Lanka. Border's contribution for the five Tests was 426 runs at 71.00 average.
Winning overseas still proved elusive for Australia, which lost the 1988 series in Pakistan. Border compiled 230 runs at 57.50, with one century.
In 1988-89 season…………….
In 1988–89, Australian lost again to the West Indies, and Border's form suffered; the West Indies routinely applied a tactic of targeting the opposition captain when he batted, thus undermining his confidence and that of the team. It worked to the extent that Border compiled 258 runs at 32.25 and his best performance was with the ball. He celebrated becoming the first Australian to play 100 Tests by taking 7/46 (the second best bowling analysis by an Australian captain) and 4/50, backed with an innings of 75, in Australia's only victory for the series, in the Fifth Test at Sydney. Previously, he had taken 16 wickets in 99 Tests. Receiving the player of the match award, Border said, “there will be batsmen all around the world shaking their heads in disbelief when they see the result”.
Border’s performance in Ashes tour in 1989…………..
The 1989 Ashes tour was Border’s first major series win as Test captain. He consciously became a more aggressive leader in reaction to criticism that he was too ruthless. Australia won 4–0, its first victory in a Test series abroad since 1977 (apart from a one-off Test in Sri Lanka) and Australia's best result in England since The Invincibles tour of 1948, Border set the tone for the series with attacking innings of 66 and 60 not out in the First Test. In all, he made six half-centuries to end with 442 runs at 73.66. He was subsequently named the 1990 Australian of the Year for his part in helping Australia regain the Ashes.
In the 1989–90 season,
Australia played Tests against New Zealand (2), Sri Lanka (2) and Pakistan (3). Australia won twice, against Sri Lanka and Pakistan. It was the first home season in six years that Australia went undefeated. The season ended with a one-off Test in New Zealand, which Australia lost by nine wickets to concede the Trans-Tasman Trophy. Border ended the season with 328 runs at 41, with five half-centuries.
Australia reinforced its superiority over England with a convincing 3–0 win in the 1990–91 Ashes series: the three victories were by eight, nine and ten wickets respectively, and Border compiled 281 runs at 46.83.
In 1991–92 season…………………
Australia defeated India 4–0, but criticism arose that the team had stagnated since the 1989 Ashes series and needed to turn over players. To that end, the Australian selectors made changes to the team for the Fifth Test, which upset Border.
In 1992–93 season…………………
West Indies, undergoing a rebuilding phase, toured Australia without the retired Malcolm Marshall, Viv Richards and Gordon Greenidge. Australia had the upper hand in the First Test, but failed to force a victory. Border scored 110 in the Second Test before Shane Warne produced his first great Test bowling performance by taking 7/52 in the second innings to win the match for Australia. The Third Test was a high-scoring draw and Border’s innings of 74 made him become the second player after Sunil Gavaskar to pass 10,000 Test runs.
In 1993, Border became the first player since Joe Darling to lead Australia in England on three Ashes tours. Australia won 4–1, losing only the Sixth Test to end Border's streak of 18 Tests against England without defeat. The series was sealed at Headingley in the Fourth Test when Border made 200 not out. His 533 runs for the series came at an average of 54.12. The Australians then claimed the Trans Tasman Trophy with a comfortable 2–0 victory over New Zealand at home in late 1993. Border scored 105 in the Third Test on his home ground at Brisbane. It was the last of his 27 Test centuries.
Border ended his career by leading the first Australian team to play a Test series against South Africa after their return to international cricket. Three Tests were played in each country, and both series ended 1–1. Border’s final Test innings was an obdurate 42 not out that helped secure a draw in the Third Test at Durban. Border had a modest time with the bat, accumulating 298 runs at 33.11.
In 1994-95 season…………….
Border continued playing first-class cricket after his international retirement. In 1994–95, he was a member of the Queensland team that won the Sheffield Shield for the first time in 1994–95. He was named 12th man in Australia's "Greatest ever ODI Team", which was selected by voting of each of Australia's ODI representatives. He has served as an Australian selector. The Australian cricketer of the year now receives the Allan Border Medal with the inaugural award being won by Glenn McGrath in 2000.
Two cricket grounds have been renamed in Border's honor. The oval in Mosman that was directly across from the Border family and where Border played his early grade cricket, was renamed the Allan Border Oval and remains the home ground of the Mosman District Cricket Club. The Neumann Oval in Brisbane has been renamed Allan Border Field and is occasionally used by Queensland as an alternative home ground to the The Gabba. Allan Border wrote an autobiography entitled "Beyond Ten Thousand: My Life Story", published in 1993. In the year 2000 he was inducted into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame.
Some of Achievements of Allan Border ::
Most career Test runs with 11,174 runs, a record held until November 2005, when it was passed by the West Indian Brian Lara most Test matches played (156) and most consecutive Test matches played (153). Border still holds the record for most consecutive matches.
Batted in more Test match innings (265) than any other player.
Most Test scores over between fifty and 100 (63) and most scores of at least 50 (93)
Captained in 93 Tests (all consecutive), both world records
Most capped Australian player in Tests and ODI
Leading Australian runscorer in Tests and ODIs. His ODI tally was first surpassed by Mark Waugh in 1999.
Most Test catches by a non-wicket-keeper (156); record since first passed by Mark Taylor in 1999.
The only player to have scored 150 in each innings of a Test, a record which still stands at the end of 2006.
He was one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1982.