Name : Gregory Stephen Chappell.
Nick name : Greg.
Date of Birth : 7 August 1948.
Place of Birth : Unley, South Australia, Australia.
Batting Style : Right Handed Batsman.
Bowling Style : Right Arm Medium.
Role : Batsman, Coach, Commentator.
Height : 1.85m (6feet 1inch)
TEST Debut : against England in December 1970.
ODI Debut : against England in January 1971.
Playing Teams: Queensland (1973-84), Somerset (1968-69), South Australia (1966-73), and Australia (1970-84).
ONE DAY INTERNATIONAL::
Matches : 74.
Runs : 2331.
Best : 138*.
Average : 4018(Bat).
100’s : 3.
50’s : 14
Wickets : 72.
Best Bowling: 5/15.
Average : 29.12(Bowling).
5/10 Wickets : 2/0.
Catches : 23.
Matches : 87.
Runs : 7110.
Best : 247*.
Average : 53.86(Bat).
100’s : 24.
50’s : 31.
Wickets : 47.
Best Bowling: 5/61.
5/10 Wickets : 1/0.
Average : 40.70(Bowling).
Catches : 122.
Chappell’s Personal Information ::
Gregory Stephen Chappell, MBE (born 7 August 1948 in Unley, South Australia) is a former cricketer who captained Australia between 1975 and 1977 and then joined the breakaway World Series Cricket (WSC) organization, before returning to the Australian captaincy in 1979, which he held until 1983. The second of three brothers to play Test cricket, Chappell was the preeminent Australian batsman of his time who allied elegant stroke making to fierce concentration. An exceptional all round player who bowled medium pace and, at his retirement, held the world record for the most catches in Test cricket, Chappell’s career straddled two eras as the game moved toward a greater level of professionalism after the WSC schism.
Fleming’s Family and Early years………………….
Chappell was the second of three sons born in Adelaide to Martin and Jeanne (nee Richardson). He was steeped in the game from a very early age: his father Martin was a noted grade cricketer in Adelaide who put a bat in his hands as soon as he could walk, while his maternal grandfather was the famous all-round sportsman Victor Richardson, who captained Australia at the end of a nineteen-Test career. Elder brother Ian and younger brother Trevor also played for Australia, and Greg closely followed in Ian's footsteps to the top. Given weekly lessons by Coach Lynn Fuller, the brothers fought out fierce backyard cricket matches, with no holds barred. The fraternal relationship between Ian and Greg became legendary in Australian cricketing history for volatile verbal slanging matches, even during hard fought Test matches, which had their genesis in the family back yard.
Chappell attended St Leonards primary school, where he played his first competitive match at the age of eight; he also played a lot of baseball. Quite small for his age, Chappell developed a technique for dealing with the high bouncing ball by playing most of his shots to the leg side. Aged twelve, he hit his first centuries and was selected for the South Australian state schools team. He was then enrolled at Plympton high school for two years before following Brother Ian and attending Prince Alfred College (PAC) on a scholarship. In the summer of 1964-65, Chappell suddenly grew ten centimeters in seven weeks and within twelve months had shot up to 189cms. With this greater physical presence, Chappell was able to dominate schoolboy matches in his final school year of 1965. PAC's coach Chester Bennett (a former first class player) wrote at this point: "Possibly the finest all-round schoolboy cricketer in my experience...he could go far in the game."
The Chappell brothers played grade cricket for Glenelg and they batted together for the first time in a semi final against Port Adelaide in early 1966. Later that year, Ian was chosen for the Test tour to South Africa, which opened up a place in the South Australian team. Greg seized the opportunity by scoring 101*, 102* and 88 for his club, then made his first class debut against Victoria at Adelaide Oval, aged 18. Hampered by a throat infection, Chappell still managed 53 and 62* to earn an extended trial in the team. The remainder of the season brought another 386 runs in 14 innings, including a maiden century against Queensland.
Chappell’s International Performance ...............
Chappell’s Test Debut……………
Entering the 1969-70 season with a point to prove, Chappell hit four hundreds to earn a place on an Australian a trip to New Zealand. Scoring 519 runs at 57.7, he was the dominant batsman of the tour and with the Test team failing in South Africa, he only needed a solid start to the next season to force his way in to play against England. After acting as twelfth man in the first Test, he was selected to bat at number seven for the second match, the first Test played at Perth's WACA ground. During an historic century on debut, he teamed with Ian Red path to add 219 runs and haul Australia out of a difficult situation. Just days after the Test, he belted 102 in two hours against the English in a tour match. However, the dream start impacted on Chappell, who struggled for the rest of the series, apart from a score of 65 in the last Test. In the main, he was getting out by playing too many big shots early in his innings.
The inconsistent form continued the following season, when he was omitted from the Australian team for the series with a Rest of the World XI. Press criticism led to a rethink of his mental approach, and when reinstated a new Chapell emerged. He invented what became known as the Chappell "vee" where he played the ball exclusively in a narrow arc between mid off and mid on until he felt he had his eye in. This reorganization brought him scores of 115* and 197* in the third and fourth unofficial Tests. He truly emerged as one of the great batsman on the subsequent tour of England, where his 131 in the Lords Test on a bowlers' wicket was considered a modern classic. Chappell himself rated this his best innings, as did Riches Benaud, who recently wrote:
...I thought it close to the most flawless innings I had seen and I still believe that to be the case. It was beautifully elegant with wonderfully executed strokes, great technique and it exhibited a deep knowledge of what was needed to square the series .
His game went from strength to strength. In the fifth Test at the Oval, he hit another ton, sharing a big partnership with Ian as they became the first brothers to score Test centuries in the same innings. Against Pakistan he made 116* and 62 at Melbourne and bagged 5 for 61 at Sydney. On the subsequent trip to the West Indies, he achieved the rare feat of scoring a thousand runs on a Caribbean tour, which included 106 in the Test at Bridgetown, Barbados. With the Australian team now undergoing a dramatic renaissance, Chappell was the leading batsman, giving him a huge national profile. This brought a lucrative an offer to move to Brisbane and captain the Queensland side, as a precursor to taking over the Australian captaincy when Ian decided to retire. He made the move in the winter of 1973.
Chappell performance in Ashes……………
The interest in his arrival was enormous as he was expected to lead the state to its' first Sheffield Shield title. Although Chappell gathered more than a thousand runs in the shield matches alone, Queensland were thwarted in the last match of the season by a devastating spell from young New South Wales fast bowler Jeff Thomson. Learning of the bowler's dissatisfaction with his home state, Chappell convinced Thomson to move to Queensland for the following season. Chappell then departed for Australia's first Test-playing tour of New Zealand. The Chappell brothers shattered records in the Wellington Test, as Ian and Greg scored centuries in both innings, the only such instance. Greg's effort of 380 runs in a Test match (247* and 133) remained a record until beaten by Graham Gooch in 1990.
Unfortunately for Chappell, his health was now blighted by recurring tonsillitis and he found it difficult to bat for long periods during the 1974-75 Ashes series. He was the backbone of Australia's sometimes inconsistent batting, scoring 608 runs at 55.3. At Sydney, where Australia won to reclaim the Ashes, Chappell dominated with 84 and 144, which he followed up with a century in a losing cause in the sixth Test at Melbourne. At Perth, he broke the world record for a fielder by snaring seven catches. Ironically, his grandfather Vic Richardson was one of several players who held the old record of six. Chappell reluctantly had his tonsils removed, but he quickly lost a lot of weight which affected his performance on the tour of England that followed. He played in the World Cup (for what proved to be the only time), then made only one good score (73* at Lords) in the four Ashes Tests that followed.
Chappell leading Australian Team……………
Sufficiently recovered, Chappell totally dominated the season of 1975-76, amassing a record 1547 first class runs at an average of 85.9, with five centuries. Appointed as Australian captain, an appointment that seemed pre-ordained for him, Chappell began with a century in each innings to win the first Test against the West Indies in his adopted home town of Brisbane. This performance is unique in Test cricket. He led the team to an overwhelming 5-1 win and the title of unofficial world champions. His personal highlight was a classic 182* in the Sydney Test.
The peak of Australia's form proved to be brief. The team lost a number of players to early retirement, mainly because remuneration was so poor. Chappell was able to parlay his position into a reasonable income with his Queensland contract and personal endorsements, but he still needed to develop business interests in life insurance outside the game. His leadership abilities were tested in the summer of 1976-77 as a number of new players was blooded and Jeff Thomson was laid low by long-term injury. Australia received much criticism for defensive play during a drawn series with Pakistan, but Chappell's form was faultless, and he scored 121 and 67 in the only Test victory. The tour to New Zealand that followed was similar; it was clear Australia was in a rebuilding phase. During the Test at Auckland, a streaker appeared when Chappell was at the crease. Incensed by this new craze and the disruption that it caused, Chappell grabbed the man and hit his bare backside with the bat. When play resumed, the ensuing din from the incident caused Chappell to mis-hear his partner's call for a run, and he found himself run out. For once, the famous Chappell concentration had been broken. But the most significant occurrence of this match occurred off-field: Chappell was approached to sign with a proposed break away competition, later to be known as World Series Cricket (WSC).
Chappell formally signed a WSC contract the following month, during the Centenary Test, a one-off match against England commemorating one hundred years of Test cricket. He was offered the most lucrative WSC contract in line with his age and high profile as captain of Australia. Chappell led Australia to a dramatic victory in the Centenary Test. Some of his players felt that he struggled to cope with the pressure of captaincy during the tense England run chase on the final day, when Australia won a dramatic victory, due to by a marathon bowling spell from Dennis Lillie. But Lillie’s absence for the forthcoming tour of England would hamper Chappell's campaign to retain the Ashes.
News of the WSC break away was leaked early in the tour, and Chappell quickly found himself besieged. Tour officials and administrators back home questioned his loyalty; journalists were constantly looking for comment, while non-WSC players in the squad accused him of bias in team selections. Leading an inexperienced team in often inclement weather sapped his confidence, while the English bowlers, knowing that he was the key wicket, constantly put him under pressure. After a brave 44 and 112 failed to save the second Test at Manchester, his form fell away and the team slipped to a 0-3 loss.
Chappell, who was a tremendous player of pace bowling, is regarded as one of the greatest batsmen ever to play for Australia and.. Although adept in all aspects of batting, he was especially noted as a strong player on the on side (or leg side) of the wicket. The English writer and commentator John Arlott wrote of him in 1977.
Return to the Captaincy………………….
When WSC players rejoined official cricket for 1979-80, there was plenty of debate over the Australian captaincy. Chappell was the far from unanimous choice, and he led the Test team in twin series, against England (won 3-0) and West Indies (lost 0-2), and the first triangular ODI series where Australia failed to reach the final. It was a mixed bag of results and the programming came in for some criticism. Chappell led by example in scoring 74 and 124 in the Brisbane Test against the West Indies in his comeback to Test cricket. His 98* guided Australia to victory over England at Sydney, then 114 and 40* extracted a similar result at Melbourne. While he averaged 44 with the bat and claimed seven wickets in the ODIs, a constant shuffling of positions ensured an uneven Australian performance.
Despite protesting the strenuous nature of the players' workload in this new era, Chappell found himself leading the team to Pakistan two weeks after the end of the Australian season. Pakistan narrowly won the first Test then prepared featherbed wickets for the remaining two matches. At Faisalabad, Chappell made 235 and as a protest at the pitch, allowed all eleven Australians to have a bowl in Pakistan's innings - the first time this had happened in a Test since 1884. Australia lost the series 0-1. Later in the year, Australia played a second Centenary Test, this time to commemorate the first Test played in England, and the match (played at Lords) ended in a draw due to poor weather. One of only four players who played both matches, Chappell scored 47 and 59, but his best remembered contribution to the match was an attempted citizen's arrest (along with England captain Ian Botham) of an MCC member who attacked one of the umpires in a very ill-tempered scene.
In May 1979, the ACB announced an agreement with WSC, which allowed the WSC players to return to international cricket at the start of the 1979–80 Australian season. In the meantime, Australia made two tours, giving the incumbent players an opportunity to press for places in a reunited team. The first tour, to England for the 1979 Cricket World Cup, ended with Australia being eliminated in the first round. Border scored 59 runs in two innings.
This was followed by a three-month long, six-Test tour of India, when Australia failed to win a single match. Border scored 521 runs at 43.42 in the Test series, including 162 in the First Test at Madras, when he displayed excellent footwork and handled the Indian spinners much more effectively than his teammates. As a result of this performance, Border was one of only three players to retain their position for the next Test against England at Perth in November 1979 after the WSC players returned. Border scored 115 in the second innings to help secure victory, and in doing so passed 1,000 Test runs. He had done so in 354 days, the fastest ever by an Australian, and made more runs (1,070) in his first year as a Test cricketer than anyone before him. However, he was unable to maintain this form and ended the season with 317 runs at 31.70 in six Tests against England and the West Indies.
On the tour of Pakistan that followed, Border hit 150 not out and 153 in the Third Test at Lahore to become the first batsmen in Test history to pass 150 in both innings of a Test. In the off-season, Border married Jane Hiscox, and moved to Brisbane and began playing for Queensland. During the 1980–81 season, he scored 328 runs at 36.44 average in the six Tests against New Zealand and India, a modest return boosted by a score of 124 against India at Melbourne, in the final Test of the summer.
Underarm controversary and Bad Form …………………
The 1980-81 season brought another three way competition, this time with New Zealand and India. In the Tests, Australia had a convincing win over the Kiwis, but was held to a drawn series against India. Chappell was in good form throughout the summer, but managed only two international centuries. The first came at Sydney in an ODI against New Zealand, when Chappell set a record Australian score of 138*. Early in the New Year, on the same ground, he played his first Test against India. Despite suffering a bad stomach upset, Chappell hit 204, an innings described by Wisden as "masterly”. However, this season is best remembered for the triangular ODI series, specifically the third of the best of five finals series, paid at Melbourne on 1 February 1981.
Greg Chappell's Captaincy Record ..................
Season Opponent Played Won Lost Drawn
1975-76 West Indies (home) 6 5 1 0
1976-77 Pakistan(home) 3 1 1 1
1976-77 New Zealand(away) 2 1 0 1
1976-77 England(home) 1 1 0 0
1977 England(away) 5 0 3 2
1979-80 West Indies(home) 3 0 2 1
1979-80 England(home) 3 3 0 0
1979-80 Pakistan(away) 3 0 1 2
1980 England(away) 1 0 0 1
1980-81 New Zealand(home) 3 2 0 1
1980-81 India(home) 3 1 1 1
1981-82 Pakistan(home) 3 2 1 0
1981-82 West Indies(home) 3 1 1 1
1981-82 New Zealandaway) 3 1 1 1
1982-83 England(home) 5 2 1 2
1982-83 Sri Lanka(away) 1 1 0 0
Total 48 21 13 14
With the series tied at 1-1, Australia looked to have gained the upper hand by batting first and setting New Zealand a chase of 235 runs. Undisciplined bowling and fielding by the Australians, and a great innings from Kiwi opener Bruce Edgar narrowed the target to 15 with one over to play. Chappell's younger brother, Trevor, a batting all-rounder who specialized in bowling at the end of an innings, delivered the final over. From the first five balls, Trevor Chappell took two for 8, leaving the new batsman (Brian McKechnie) to score a six to tie the game. At this point, Greg Chappell intervened, told his brother to deliver the ball along the ground (i.e. underarm) and him then informed the umpire to let the batsman know of the change of bowling style. Despite the protestations of wicketkeeper Rod Marsh, the ball was delivered and the batsman simply put his bat in front of the ball to stop. He then hurled his bat away. A large crowd of 50,000 – mostly Australian – loudly booed the Australian team from the field.
Chappell was also captain of the ODI team concurrently with his Test captaincy, registering 21 wins and 25 losses from 49 matches; all but four of these matches were after the end of World Series Cricket, and Chappell never captained Australia in a Cricket World Cup tournament. His batting exploits in ODIs were not quite of the same magnitude as his Test match career, but he did hold the Australian record single-innings score (138 not against New Zealand in 1980 for more than ten years. His ODI captaincy career is most commonly remembered for the "underarm" incident in 1981.
After retirement, Chappell has remained connected with the sport in numerous capacities. Recently, he fulfilled a consultancy role for Pakistan and, between 20 May 2005 and 4 April 2007, was the coach of India. This role was the subject of much negative public and media commentary particularly involving his working relationship with former Indian captain Sourav Ganguly.
Controversary with Sourav Ganguly……
Chappell's first overseas tour as the coach of the Indian team was to Zimbabwe in September 2005. Sourav Ganguly, the Indian captain, scored a century in the first Test match and later alleged that the coach Chappell had asked him to step down as captain on the eve of the game. This was widely covered by the Indian media. Ganguly was later dropped from the Indian cricket team by the selectors on the grounds of poor form, but many in the media suggested his omission was influenced by the previous row with Chappell. However the fact that Ganguly's form and batting average were in trouble was not disputed, in fact, many Indian supporters themselves were suggesting that Ganguly should be dropped from the team.
Chappell as a Coach / commentator………………
He has coached South Australia and worked as consultant at Pakistan's National Cricket Academy. He has also worked as a commentator for ABC Radio. In 2002, he was inducted into the prestigious Australian Cricket Hall of Fame. In May 2005, he was appointed coach of the Indian national cricket team for a two year term until the World Cup 2007. He earned about 175,000 USD as salary from the BCCI every year.
Of late he came in for criticism] for his tinkering with the batting lineup and unorthodox cricket coaching methods. His comments also did not go down well with the Indian public
Then after India's early exit from ICC world cup (after losing to Bangladesh) he resigned from his post as Indian coach.
Chappell as an Indian cricket Team Coach………
With India's dismal performance in the 2007 ICC World Cup a majority of Indians were questioning the appointment of Greg Chappell as the coach of Indian Cricket Team at an annual salary of $200,000. On 4th April 2007 Chappell decided, not to renew his contract with BCCI citing personal reasons. However its believed that he wasn't happy with the attitude and performance of senior cricketers in the Indian Team.